MADISON BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY ARCHIVES

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2016

November 9, 2016: Alice Mandell, Assistant Professor of Classical Hebrew Language and Biblical Literature at the University of Wisconsin, spoke on "'He is a dog!': Complaining Kings in the Amarna Age".

During the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten (roughly between 1350-1335 BC), the rulers of city states in Canaan sent hundreds of complaints and requests for help on cuneiform tablets to Akhenaten's capital, el-Amarna. The texts offer insight into the culture and language of the Canaanite residents prior to the formation of the Israelite kingdom. The lecture focused on texts, petrology, and archaeology.

October 19, 2016: Bryant Wood, Director of Research for Associates for Biblical Research spoke on "Discovery of the Lost Fortress of Ai".

In 1995 a dig began at Khirbet el-Maqatir, nine miles northeast of Jerusalem, a small attempt to locate Ai, the city conquered by Joshua and the Israelites following the fall of Jericho. In recent years Khirbet el-Maqatir has been one of the largest digs in Israel in numbers of volunteers. Occupation layers have been identified not only from the time of Joshua but also from the time of Jesus.

Khirbet el-Maqatir may have been the city of Ai, from Joshua 7 & 8. It may also have been the city of Ephraim from John 11:53. In recent years excavators have found remains of a Byzantine monastery, Bronze Age Egyptian scarabs, and more than 1,000 coins from the first century.

2015

February 22, 2015: MBAS president Jeff Blakely gave a sneak preview of the lecture he presented at the British Museum in London before the Anglo-Israel Archaeological Society and the Palestine Exploration Fund, focusing on Tell el-Hesi.

Tell el-Hesi was the first excavation in Ottoman Palestine by western archaeologists 125 years ago, originally identified with biblical Lachish and later Eglon, but now identified with neither. Jeff has been excavating at Hesi since 1971 and is currently co-director of the excavation, which has recently turned its attention to the nearby site of Khirbet Summeily. During the summer of 2014 the Summeily excavation discovered some extremely rare 10th century bullae (clay seal impressions).

2014

November 17, 2014: Geoffrey Ludvik, a graduate student of our president Jeff Blakely, spoke on "Stone Beads in the Ancient Near East: New Insights into Trade and Technology from the Time of Abraham."

September 21, 2014: Lisa Mahoney, professor of the history of art and architecture at DePaul University, presented a program on "The Art and Archaeology of the Crusades." When traveling to Israel, there are biblical sites and there are also sites from other periods which relate to the biblical period. This includes Crusader castles and churches, and other Crusader remains such as the fortifications at Caesarea.

2013

November 3, 2013: Michele Stillinger, of the University of Minnesota's Institute for Rock Magnetism, spoke on Archaeomagnetic Dating of Iron Age Artifacts from Khirbet Summeily. Michele has been working with MBAS president Jeff Blakely on the excavations of Khirbet Summeily, near Tel el-Hesi, and offered a unique perspective on cutting edge technology involving archaeomagnetic dating and archaeology.

October 27, 2013: Gabriel Barkay reported on “New Discoveries in the Archaeology of Jerusalem.”

Dr. Barkay is the director of the Temple Mount Sifting Project, and was the first to translate the "Bethlehem Seal," which the Sifting Project discovered last year in debris excavated from the City of David area of Jerusalem. The seal dates to the 7th century BC, and is the earliest mention of the name of Bethlehem, the city in which Jesus was born. This is one of the many items described in the presentation.

Dr. Barkay is the recipient of the 1996 Jerusalem Prize for Archaeological Research. He has directed a number of excavations, including the Ketef Hinnom excavation which in 1979 discovered two silver amulet scrolls which are inscribed with the earliest biblical inscription. The scrolls, containing the priestly benediction from Numbers 6:24-26, also date to the 7th century B.C. Dr. Barkay teaches at Bar Ilan University in Tel Aviv and has also taught for many years at what is now Jerusalem University College.

May 1, 2013: Steven McKenzie delivered the Annual Lecture of the Department of Hebrew and Semitic Studies and the Madison Biblical Archaeology Society, speaking on "My God is YHWH": The Stories of Elijah in the Book of Kings. McKenzie is Professor of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament and Senior Research fellow in the Department of Religious Studies at Rhodes College in Memphis, Tennessee. Professor McKenzie is an internationally recognized scholar on the biblical books that tell the stories of ancient Israel's existence as a state (Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles).

April 14, 2013: MBAS president Jeff Blakely gave the society a Tel el-Hesi update, focusing on the history of agriculture and nomadic populations in the Tel el-Hesi border area between the Shephelah and the Negev.

March 13, 2013: Bela Sandor, Professor emeritus of Engineering at the University of Wisconsin, spoke on "Chariots of Tutankhamun and the Bible." Prof. Sandor, of the UW's Department of Engineering Physics, contributed his research into ancient chariotry to a recent PBS NOVA documentary called "Building Pharaoh's Chariot." A news release calls Sandor, "an international expert on the techno-archaeology of chariots." Sandor himself calls the ancient Egyptian chariots a marvel of engineering. "Their engineering was stupendous," he says. "Modern engineers could not do any better with only wood, leather and glue."

February 24, 2013: Daniel Schowalter, Professor of Religion and Classics at Carthage College in Kenosha, spoke on Echoes of Identity: A New Inscription from Roman Omrit. Omrit is the site of a Roman temple in northern Israel that excavators believe is a temple built for Emperor Augustus by Herod the Great. A newly discovered paving inscription from Omrit offers a terminus ante quem the latest date before which the construction of the third phase of the temple complex took place. The inscription provides additional connections between Omrit, Caesarea Philippi, and nearby Banias, or as the gospels put it, "the region of Caesarea Philippi." The inscription also reveals new details about the socio-economic make-up of the region in the first century CE, and is dedicated to a rather unexpected deity, the nymph Echo.

2012

Wolff

November 19, 2012

Sam Wolff, a University of Wisconsin graduate and archaeologist with the Israel Antiquities Authority, gave an update on the excavations at Tel Gezer.

Gezer is one of the most important, and most excavated, sites in Israel. Dr. Wolff have a report on the three excavations currently underway at Tel Gezer: the main excavation surrounding the Iron Age gate, the survey excavations which is uncovering new Gezer boundary stones, and the Gezer water system.

Dr. Wolff is co-leading the main excavation surrounding the Iron Age gate, along with Steve Ortiz, of the Southwest Baptist Theological Seminary. He reports that the excavation has recently uncovered a traditional 4-room house and is now nearing the levels that the excavators expect will give them new information on the dating of the Iron Age gate.

Wilson

November 12, 2012

Mark Wilson, Visiting Professor of Early Christianity at Regent University and founder of the Asia Minor Research Center, in Antalya, Turkey, spoke on Trekking with Paul in Turkey: Routes and Monuments of His Journeys"

Prof. Wilson described the two main routes that Paul would likely have taken on his first missionary journey, as well as other routes that he has personally researched. He also reported on the discovery of a first century inscription that can out of one of his trips on an ancient Roman road in Turkey.





Vaughn

October 21, 2012

Andrew Vaughn, Executive Director of ASOR—the American Schools of Oriental Research spoke on "Jerusalem as David and Solomon Knew It"

The Bible describes David and Solomon as ruling over a powerful kingdom, known historically as the United Monarchy. Most historians have assumed that if the kingdom of Israel was strong and expansive, then the capital city (Jerusalem) also would have been a major, expansive city. However, in the past 15 years, several prominent scholars—especially David Ussishkin and Israel Finkelstein—have posited that David and Solomon’s Jerusalem was not a major capital, because it was limited in size to the mound of the City of David. These scholars further argue that David and Solomon were not major kings, but rather were leaders of chiefdoms.

In this presentation, Dr. Vaughn offered another interpretation of the archaeological data and shows that the biblical account of Jerusalem is accurate. David and Solomon ruled over an expansive kingdom, and their capital city (Jerusalem) was a neutral administrative headquarter whose archaeological remains are consistent with the biblical record. He thus demonstrates that the “Jerusalem minimalists” have forced modern concepts of what a capital city should be onto the world of the Bible.

Read more about Andrew Vaughn's presentation in a story at allgodspeople.com.

May 2, 2012
Bernard Levinson, Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Studies, at the University of Minnesota, spoke on 'You Must Not Add Anything to What I Command You': Paradoxes of Canon and Authorship in Ancient Israel Professor Levinson's lecture addressed how Israel, having a tradition of prestigious or authoritative texts, dealt with the problem of literary and legal innovation. By comparing scribal practices in ancient Mesopotamian cuneiform law, he shows how ancient Israel's development of the idea of divine revelation of law that might have been expected to impede legal revision or amendment tolerated modification through exegetical innovation.


April 15, 2012,
Mark Schuler, Professor of Religion & Theology, Concordia University-St. Paul, reported on Excavations at Hippos/Sussita, a City of the Decapolis. Excavations at Hippos/Sussita have been taking place for twelve years now, and prof. Schuler has been a part of the excavations for all but the first year. He brought us up to date on what has been excavated at this ancient city, with particular attention to the Northeast Church (one of 8 Byzantine-era churches identified so far) where his work has been concentrated.


March 25, 2012

"Qeiyafa and Talpiot Tomb Inscriptions" was presented by Christopher Rollston, Professor of Old Testament and Semitics, Emmanuel School of Religion, on Sunday, March 25, 2012.

Christopher A. Rollston is an epigrapher who was trained at Johns Hopkins University, and was described by MBAS president Jeff Blakely as "the leading epigrapher of our generation." He teaches at Emmanuel Christian Seminary in Johnson City, Tennessee. Chris is editor of MAARAV, A Journal for the Study of the Northwest Semitic Languages and Literatures, and his most recent book is Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel: Epigraphic Evidence from the Iron Age. He is the epigrapher of the Hesi Regional Project as well as epigrapher for other projects in the region, and was called to testify in the fraudulent antiquities trial before judge Aharon Farkash in Jerusalem.


March 7, 2012

"Examining Judah's Border with Gaza: Excavations at Khirbet Summeily" was the title of MBAS president Jeff Blakely's presentation, as he discussed his latest archaeological research in southern Israel at the site of Khirbet Summeily.

Jeff recalled his first MBAS presentation 35 years ago, when he was first participating in the excavations of Tell el-Hesi. He briefly reviewed the history of the Hesi excavations, his recent survey archaeology in the area, and the decision to excavate a small Iron Age village site nearby Hesi called Khirbet Sumeilly. A more detailed story on Jeff's presentation is at the website allgodspeople.com. The excavations began last summer and will continue in 2012 in cooperation with the Cobb Institute of Archaeology at Mississippi State University.

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2011


November 6, 2011
Professor Edward F. Maher of North Central College in Naperville, Illinois, and the Field Museum, talked on "Economies and Offerings: Animals and their Roles in Ancient Israel."
His presentation focused on animal bones from Iron Age contexts in southern Israel and explained how zooarchaeologists are able to make conclusions about ancient cultures from bones and other faunal evidence. He also gave lecture attendees an opportunity for some hands-on diagnostics with some bones from an 8th century BC Moabite fortress in Jordan.

April 27, 2011
Professor John J. Collins presented a lecture, "Shifting Perspectives on the Dead Sea Scrolls."
The consensus about the Dead Sea Scrolls is changing, following recent archaeology at Qumran, as well as the recently completed publication of all of the scrolls. Professor Collins will discuss new perspectives on the idea that the collection was a library, the archaeology of the site, the origin and history of Qumran sect, the role of women in the Scrolls, and the dualistic theology of the sect. Professor Collins is Holmes Professor of Old Testament Criticism and Interpretation at Yale University.

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2010

December 5, 2010
Professor Daniel Schowalter of Carthage College gave us an update on Omrit, in northern Israel. For the past 10 years archaeologists have been excavating a temple which they believe was built by King Herod to honor Augustus Caesar.

September 29, 2010
Professor Jeff Blakely, the president of the Madison Biblical Archaeology Society, spoke on "The Walls of Caesarea Maritima: Some Unexpected New Evidence."
Jeff was involved in the excavation of warehouses at Caesarea about 20 years ago and offered some new information about Caesarea, the port city built by Herod the Great, based on his study of long-forgotten aerial photographs from early in the 20th century.

April 27, 2010
Daniel M. Master, Associate Professor of Archaeology at Wheaton College, spoke on "All the Merchants are Silenced: Economy at the End of the Kingdom of Judah"

The violent campaign of Sennacherib in the late 8th century BCE changed the southern Levant. In the aftermath, some say the Assyrians created a centralized economy extending from the cosmopolitan port of Ashkelon all the way into the deep recesses of the monastic Judean desert. Others see the seventh century economy as a contribution of the local ways. Kin networks were reformed; agricultural and pastoral production was rebalanced, and life continued on much as it had before.

Daniel M. Master is an Associate Professor of Archaeology at Wheaton College and in 2008-2009 was a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow at the Albright Institute for Archaeological Research in Jerusalem, Israel. He is the Field Director of the ongoing excavation, the Leon Levy Expedition to Ashkelon and co-editor for the forthcoming final reports: Ashkelon 3, the seventh century BCE and Ashkelon 5, the Iron Period.

March 21, 2010
Professor Lawson Younger spoke on "Aramean Astral Religion in Light of Recent Discoveries."
His lecture provided insight into religious practices in Old Testament times, based on the celestial design of an Aramean brass bowl. Lawson Younger is professor of Old Testament, Semitic Languages, and Ancient Near Eastern History at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois. He spoke to the Madison Biblical Archaeology Society in 2003 on the lost tribes of Israel.

February 21, 2010
Professor James Hardin of Mississippi State University, spoke on Absence of Evidence: David's Jerusalem.
Professor Hardin has been involved with the Lahav Research Project's work at Tel Halif in Israel since 1986. He specializes in the Bronze and Iron Age cultures of ancient Syria-Palestine and has been our guest once before, lecturing on "Iron Age Households in Ancient Judah" in 2003.

A report on this meeting was featured on the local news website allgodspeople.com.

2009

May 12, 2009, Professor Matt Waters of the UW-Eau Claire spoke on "The Cup of the Wine of Wrath: Jeremiah 25, Medes, and Elamites." The talk focused on the rise to power of Cyrus the Great and his rule over Persia. Professor Waters' research interests include Assyrian-Elamite relations and the Achaemenid Persian Empire in the mid-first millennium BCE, along with cross-cultural connections between the ancient Near East and the Classical Greek world.

The 53rd Annual Lecture, "Ancient Synagogues in the Land of Israel" was presented by Jodi Magness, the Kenan Distinguished Professor for Teaching Excellence in Early Judaism at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, on April 28, 2009.

More than 100 synagogue buildings, dating from the first to seventh centuries C.E., have been discovered in ancient Palestine. Professor Magness surveyed these buildings, focusing especially on the surprising pagan motifs that decorate some of them, and considered such questions as where and when the institution of the synagogue originated. The lecture brought together archaeology, art history, and religious studies in a study of a central institution of Judaism with important ramifications for early Christianity. A story on the lecture is at www.allgodspeople.com.

==> April 7, 2009: MBAS president Jeff Blakely spoke on "Generating a Regional Understanding through Survey: The Tell el-Hesi Survey," presenting information on his latest survey work at the site of Tell el-Hesi in Israel. Following 30 years of excavation and study, the archaeological survey of the surrounding region is one of the final aspects of the project.

==> March 1, 2009: Dr. Walter Kaiser spoke on "Major Archaeological Finds of the Biblical Periods."" Dr. Kaiser is President Emeritus and Distinguished Professor of Old Testament and Ethics at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, and the General Editor of The NIV Archaeological Study Bible.

Dr. Kaiser's lecture is available as an MP3 file for listening or downloading here. (Time, approximately 65 minutes.)

Thank you to the following unofficial co-sponsors for their promotional support for this special event: Bethel Lutheran Church, Blackhawk Church, Edgewood College Religious Studies Department, Gateway Community Church, Geneva Campus Church, High Point Church, Hillel-University of Wisconsin, InterVarsity Christian Fellowship, Lake City Church, Lubar Institute for the Study of Abrahamic Religions, Luther Memorial Church, Mad City Church, New College Madison, New Crossing Church, Plymouth UCC Church, The Book and The Spade radio program and WNWC radio.

2008

On Sunday, October 26, 2008, we heard from Timothy Harrison, Professor of Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations at the University of Toronto and the Project Director of the Tell Tayinat Project in Turkey. His talk was entitled, “Sea Peoples, Neo-Hittites and the ‘Land of Palastin’: Recent Investigations at Tell Tayinat on the Plain of Antioch.”

The past few summers have provided a wealth of new archaeological and epigraphic data about the Iron Age in the region of Antioch. At the same time, implications drawn from this work are likely to have an impact on our understanding of the Sea Peoples, their relationship to the Philistines of the Bible, and their arrival in what came to be called the ‘Land of Palastin.’ This was a time of systemic dislocation and disruption, the period of the Judges in the Biblical chronology. Professor Harrison is also the president of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

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On Tuesday, October 7, 2008, Dr. Katia Cytryn-Silverman of Hebrew University, gave a presentation on "Roads and Road-Inns in Palestine During the Mamluk Period." Dr. Cytryn-Silverman is an expert in medieval khans, or caravansarai, of the Holy Land. These are the road inns in which travelers and Christian pilgrims would have stayed during Ayyubid, Mamluk, and Ottoman times.

She reported that most of the Khans were built during the Mameluke period, 13th-16th centuries, to help connect the royal mail network. They provided an accomodation for travelers, rich and poor, to stay the night. Some khans in Turkey are still well preserved but khans in Israel are largely in ruins. However, several bridges that were built at the same time by the Mamluks are still in operation in Israel. The khans were run as charitable institutions and were established by high ranking Mamluks living in Cairo, or sometimes by rich merchants.

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On May, 5, 2008, Theodore J. Lewis, the Blum-Ivry Professor of Near Eastern Studies at Johns Hopkins University, presented the 52nd Annual Lecture of the Department of Hebrew and Semitic Studies and the Madison Biblical Archaeology Society. He spoke on “The Effective Power of Words: Incantations in Ancient Israel.” Magical incantations were widespread and important throughout the Ancient Near East and rabbinic Judaism, yet very few are quoted in the Hebrew Bible. In fact, archaeology has uncovered magical paraphernalia and inscriptions that show that magical incantations were indeed part of the life of Israel in biblical times. Careful examination of the Biblical text shows that the fundamental magical concept of effective words can indeed be found in the Bible.

Professor Lewis received his B.A. and M.A. at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and his Ph.D. at Harvard University. His numerous publications on the Bible and the Ancient Near East include Cults of the Dead in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (1989) and the forthcoming Religion of Ancient Israel.

2007

MBAS president Jeff Blakely presented a talk on New Insights into the Development of Ancient Israel and the Kingdom of David on December 3rd. His talk synthesized a variety of recent discoveries and developments that relate to this pivotal period in Biblical history.

Professor Leonard Greenspoon of Creighton University presented a lecture on November 5th, entitled "Interpreting the Word: Hope, Hype and Habit in 50 years of Biblical Studies." Professor Greenspoon is well known for evaluating the history of scholarship on the Hebrew Bible, and presented an interesting lecture that looked at scholarly contributions as well as newspaper comic strips that presented a Biblical perspective. Professor Greenspoon has published numerous articles on the Septuagint, the history of biblical scholarship, and the role of the Bible in popular culture. This lecture was sponsored by the Department of Hebrew & Semitic Studies and funded by the Lubar Intitute for the Study of Abrahamic Religions.

Professor Ron E. Tappy of Pittsburgh Theological Seminary presented the 51st Annual Lecture of the Society on Wednesday, May 2, 2007. His topic was "The Origins of our Alphabet: New Evidence for the History of Writing in the Tenth Century BCE."

The ancient Canaanite alphabet is the origin of the later Greek and Roman alphabets, but precisely when alphabetic writing began in ancient Israel is hotly debated. The 2005 discovery of the earliest complete alphabet in Israel dating to the 10th century BCE is undoubtedly an extremely important piece of the history of the origins of writing. More importantly, the discovery fuels a heated argument between historians and archaeologists concerning the historicity of biblical accounts of the regions of David and Solomon in the 10th century BCE. "Minimalists" believe that the biblical accounts of David and Solomon are fictional and were composed later because the Israelites at the time were illiterate. The discovery of this inscription in a small village (not an urban center) suggests that not only was writing in use, but that there was, in fact, a centralized state.

Prof. Tappy is the Project Director and Principal Investigator of the Zeitah Excavations in Tel Zayit, Israel. He is also the G. Albert Shoemaker Professor of Bible and Archaeology at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary and the Director of the James L. Kelso Bible Lands Museum. A report on professor Tappy's talk is on allgodspeople.com.

Israeli archaeologist Gabriel Barkay returned to the Madison Biblical Archaeology Society for the first time since 1991 on Wednesday, February 14, 2007 to speak on "Archaeology and the Temple Mount in Jerusalem."

Professor Barkay is one of the world's leading experts on the archaeology and history of Jerusalem, an archaeologist who has dug at a number of sites in Israel, and the winner of the prestigious Jerusalem Prize for Archaeology in 1996. Over the last two years Professor Barkay has been "re-excavating" tons of dirt dug from the Temple Mount and dumped in the Kidron Valley as part of a mosque renovation in November, 1999. Even though the dirt has been removed from its historical context, a number of important discoveries have been made that add to our knowledge of the history of the Temple Mount and Jerusalem. Professor Barkay received his Ph.D. in 1985 Summa Cum Laude from Tel Aviv University, and taught for over 27 years at Tel Aviv University. He is now teaching at Bar Ilan University, Hebrew University, and Jerusalem University College. In 1979, Professor Barkay discovered the Ketef Hinnom silver amulet, which contains the earliest biblical passage (Numbers 6:24-26) found outside of the Bible, and is now on display in the Israel Museum.

A report on professor Barkay's lecture is on allgodspeople.com. The story of this unusual salvage excavation has also been covered extensively by the Associated Press, Biblical Archaeology Review, Christianity Today, and other media.


2006

Professor Michael Patrick O’Connor spoke on “Eunuchs in the Ancient Near East: Social and Sexual Control” on Wednesday, May 6, 2006. Eunuchs occupy the peculiar position of being controlled (by not being able to have children and thus not being interested in protecting their interests) and in controlling society (by serving as courtiers and agents of the government at the highest level). His lecture considered the representation of eunuchs in ancient Near Eastern art and literature as well as the Bible and especially Esther and the prophets.

Professor O’Connor is a professor in the Department of Semitic and Egyptian Languages and Literatures at Catholic University of America, where he teaches courses in Hebrew Bible, Biblical Hebrew, Ugaritic and Akkadian. He is one of the leading scholars of Biblical Hebrew and co-author of the classic reference work, An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax, now in its ninth printing.

"The Cave of John the Baptist" was presented by archaeologist Egon Lass on Tuesday March 28, 2006. The discovery was first reported in the late summer of 2004, a curious cave near Kibbutz Tzuba, just west of Jerusalem, which was tentatively connected with the ministry of John the Baptist. Shimon Gibson, the director of the project, then published the book, Cave of John the Baptist: The Stunning Archaeological Discovery That Has Redefined Christian History (Doubleday, 2004). The project has continued, and an Iron Age water system was discovered but only briefly mentioned and described by the press.

Egon Lass is one of the senior excavators on this project. He spoke to us just after returning from Israel and the latest season of excavation at the Kibbutz Tzuba cave, providing news directly from the field.

2005

Our first program of 2005 was “Geopolitical Intrigue in the Days of Elijah? A contextual reading of 1 Kings 15-22” presented by Steven Lancaster, of Biblical Backgrounds, on February 16, 2005, at Edgewood College. The talk was based on a detailed understanding of the geography of ancient Israel, using beautifully prepared maps and computerized graphics. It was also recently presented at a Wheaton College Archaeological Symposium.

Professor Aaron Burke spoke on “Reconstructing Bronze Age Kingdoms: Archaeological Evidence for the Middle Bronze Age Kingdom of Ashkelon (ca. 1925––1550 BC)” on Wednesday March 16, 2005. Dr. Burke is a 1996 graduate of Wheaton College, and has just been hired as Professor of Archaeology of Ancient Israel and early Judaism at UCLA. This analysis of the Middle Bronze Age in Ashkelon was the topic of his recently completed doctoral dissertation at the University of Chicago and focused on defensive fortifications at smaller nearby cities that were under the influence of Ashkelon. Professor Burke was a part of excavations at Ashkelon from 1997-2000.

MBAS President Jeff Blakely spoke on "The Joint Archaeological Expedition to Tell el-Hesi: Phase III Regional Survey, 2004 Season Field Report."In the summer of 2004 the Hesi Expedition reactivated its regional survey project after a hiatus of over 20 years. It was an interesting experience trying to use old data and join it with newly collected material. The survey project will be back in the field in 2006. This presentation was similar to a report given at the Albright Institute last summer. This meeting was held at Edgewood College, Wednesday April 20, 2005.

Professor Ronald Hendel, the Norma & Sam Dabby Professor of Hebrew Bible at the University of California-Berkeley, spoke on "Dreams of the Golden Age: Prophecy, Poetry, Eschatology" on Wednesday, May 4, 2005. This lecture discussed the birth of eschatology in the relationship between poetic effects, mythic imagery, and intertextuality in the writings of Isaiah.

Our first fall lecture was "The Royal Purple and Biblical Blue: An Interdisciplinary Study" by Professor Ehud Spanier, of the Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies at the University of Haifa, on September 14th. Professor Spanier described the ancient dye industries of the Royal Purple and the Biblical Blue, two of the main dyes of the Biblical world. They were produced from marine snails. Through inter- and multi-disciplinary studies, including marine history, archaeology, and biological aspects as well as chemical, biochemical, religious and cultural facets, the sources of these ancient dyes and the dying process has been studied.

Professor Cynthia Miller of the UW-Madison Department of Hebrew and Semitic Studies, presented an illustrated lecture entitled, "Languages without Speakers: Reconstructing the Languages of the ANE from Epigraphic Fragments" on October 17, 2005 at Edgewood College.

Professor Anson Rainey of Tel Aviv University returned to MBAS on November 15th. Professor Rainey's lecture was "Whence Came the Israelites and Their Language?" Professor Rainey offered new perspectives on the background of the early Israelites, in contrast to the theories that have been presented by other archaeologists and Biblical scholars

Jennifer Westpfahl, a UW-LaCrosse student who has participated in excavations at Megiddo, spoke on Wednesday December 7th on "The Megiddo Excavation: Archaeology and the Bible." "
...The site of Megiddo is widely regarded as one of the most important biblical period sites in Israel. Protected by fortifications and covered with palaces and temples, Megiddo was one of the most important cities in Canaan and Israel. Because of its location and importance, archaeologists have been excavating the site for over one hundred years. Biblical scholars often cite Megiddo as a site containing supporting evidence for the chronology found in biblical text, a subject that has come into controversy in recent times. Israel Finkelstein, current director of excavations at Megiddo and professor at Tel Aviv University, has been excavating at Megiddo for over 10 years and is planning further excavations at the site. According to Finkelstein, his excavations have revealed archaeological evidence that puts the more traditionally held viewpoints on biblical chronology in question. This presentation will cover the history of Megiddo, how the site relates to biblical text, the 2004 excavation and evidence Finkelstein claims supports the Low Chronology argument.
...Megiddo was recently in the news due to the discovery of what appears to be one of the oldest Christian buildings in Israel nearby.

2004

"Did the Bible Know Homer? Goliath's Armor and Israelite Collective Memory" Tuesday, November 30, 2004

Presenter: Professor Azzan Yadin, Assistant Professor of Jewish Studies at Rutgers University. This lecture combined close textual analysis, broad reflections on the nature of cultural memory and transmission, and comparative analysis to discuss two distant yet foundational texts of Western culture whose relation has not yet been fully explored. Prof. Yadin is a prolific and creative scholar who quickly has established himself as a key figure in Jewish studies. Sponsored by: University Lectures Committee, the Department of Hebrew & Semitic Studies, Mosse/Weinstein Center for Jewish Studies, and the Religious Studies Program.

Our annual lecture was held on Wednesday, May 5th, at Grainger Hall. Professor Saul Olyan of Brown University presented a lecture on: "Rites and Rank: Contesting and Defending Priestly and Divine Privilege in Biblical Cultic Settings." The lecture argued that rites create and publicize status relations. Professor Olyan examined biblical texts in which an established hierarchy is challenged in ritual settings by those cast as having an inferior rank.

On March 25th, Professor Patricia Gerstenblith of the DePaul University Law School, presented a talk entitled, “From Bamiyan to Baghdad: The Crises in Cultural Heritage Preservation at the Beginning of the 21st Century.” President Jeff Blakely said, "Patty is an old Hesi-ite who is a Ph.D. archaeologist besides being a law professor, specializing in international antiquities laws. Over the past few years she has filed briefs in major cases as well as informed the public about antiquities issues."

Professor Gerstenblith served as Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Cultural Property (1995-2002) and is currently a member of the United States Cultural Property Advisory Committee, co-chair of the International Cultural Property Committee of the ABA Section on International Law and practice, and is faculty advisor to the DePaul-LCA Journal of Art and Entertainment Law. She teaches and publishes in the field of cultural heritage and law and the arts.

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What was officially our February meeting was actually held on Tuesday, March 2nd. MBAS President Jeff Blakely assessed "The Development and Future of Biblical Archaeology." The talk went back to the Biblical research of Edward Robinson, covered the Puritans arrival in the New World and their theological development, and then brought in geographical perspectives (especially those of Alexander von Humboldt), 20th century archaeological and geographical thought, and finally evidence showing how these two disciplines still relate and how together they may help define the future of Biblical Archaeology. "It boils down to how one looks at Biblical Archaeology as a discipline, is it Biblical study or geographical study, or both?"
...President Blakely delivered this same talk the previous week in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, as a presenter of the Wake Forest University Albritton Lecture for 2003/2004.

Our first 2004 lecture, on January 20th, featured Zvika Gal of the Israel Antiquities Authority speaking on, "Peqi`in - Ancestor Worship in Galilee 6000 Years Ago." This talk was arranged through Dan Schowalter at Carthage College in Kenosha. Although it focused on an era that's earlier than what's thought of as the typical Biblical chronology, it nonetheless presented a fascinating perspective on important finds about the early inhabitants of this area. It also offered a good case study of how the Israel Antiquities Authority quickly responds to the accidental discovery of important remains in a previously unknown cave.

2003

In December, Professor John Monson of Wheaton College spoke to us on "Shifting Sands – The Historical Geography of the Holy Land."
...Professor Monson was raised in Israel and knows the geography of the region about as well as is possible. For a number of years he and his father have been working on computer generated topographic relief models of Israel as a means of presenting the results of all their geographic research.

Our first lecture of the new school year came from Professor James W. Hardin of Mississippi State University, who spoke on "An Archaeology of Destruction: Iron Age Households in Ancient Judah." He discussed the archaeological excavations of 4-room houses at Tel Halif in southern Israel and what their findings have to tell us about Judah's struggles with Assyrian hegemony in the 8th century B.C.

We also heard a lecture on "New Studies in Geology and Geoarchaeology at Tell el-Hesi" featuring Christin Engstrom, a UW graduate and protege of Jeff Blakely, on November 4th

UW-Madison graduate Sam Wolff of the Israel Antiquities Authority presented a lecture on materials that he has been working up for publication. The lecture was entitled, "Tel Megadim--The Site That Got No Respect." This lecture was held on Tuesday May 20th at Edgewood College.

The 47th Annual Dinner and Lecture was held Wednesday May 7th. Professor K. Lawson Younger, Jr., of Trinity International University presented a public lecture, "Finding the Lost Tribes: Traces of Israelite Exiles in Mesopotamia."

K. Lawson Younger, Jr. is a professor of Old Testament, Semitic Languages and Ancient Near Eastern History at Trinity International University. He received his Ph.D. from Sheffield University and has been a fellow at Hebrew University and Cambridge Univesity. His field is the history of Mesopotamia and the Bible. he was the co-editor of the three volume Context of Scripture and co-author of Mesopotamia and the Bible, with Mark Chivalas, of UW-LaCrosse.

On Wednesday, April 9, 2003 -- a combined lecture and business meeting was held.
Officers were re-elected and there was a short discussion on the future of the organization. With the demise of the Milwaukee society, some of the "cost sharing" that we have enjoyed for many years has come to an end. At the same time the University of Wisconsin now charges more to have meetings on campus. Nonetheless, the decision was made to stay the course and seek new ideas to reinvigorate the chapter.

Our president, Jeff Blakely, then talked on "Identifying the Davidic and Solomonic Borders of Israel and Judah." This was a reworked and expanded version of a paper that was passed out earlier in the fall.

On Tuesday, January 21st, Professor Matthew Water of the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, spoke on the Persians during the time of Cyrus and Darius. This was early in the empire period as they began to assert control of Palestine.

2002

On December 11, 2002, Harry Jol of the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, spoke on "Looking for Graves and Caves at Qumran, Israel: A Ground Penetrating Radar Perspective." Professor Jol is one of the leading practitioners of the technology of Ground Penetrating Radar. He participated in excavations at Qumran this past summer with archaeologist Richard Freund and others. They excavated a mausoleum in the Qumran cemetery area and discovered the remains of what may have been the Teacher of Righteousness, referred to in the Dead Sea Scrolls.

On November 13, 2002, Former MBAS member Angela Roskop, now at Hebrew Union College, spoke on Iron Age "votive" rattles.

On Tuesday October 22nd, Professor Mark Chavalas from the University of Wisconsin-LaCrosse made a return visit to Madison and presented new research on the Hurrians. His talk was entitled "Urkesh: An Ancient Hurrian City in Third Millennium B.C. Syria."
...Professor Chavalas' talk surveyed the recent excavations at Urkesh, an ancient Hurrian city in northern Syria, in the third millennium B.C. Along with the Sumerians and Akkadians, the Hurrians were participants in the rise of urbanization in West Asia in the third millennium B.C. The Hurrian myths had a marked influence on the Hittites, and Hurrian personal names are found in Palestine in the Late Bronze Age.

The 2002 (46th) Annual Dinner, presented by the Madison Biblical Archaeology Society and the Department of Hebrew and Semitic Studies, was held Wednesday, May 1, 2002. Professor Frederick Dobbs-Allsopp, spoke "Recently Discovered Ancient West Semitic Inscriptions from Egypt and the Origins of the Alphabet."

Professor Frederick Dobbs-Allsopp is an Associate Professor at Princeton Theological Seminary and a Visiting Professor of Ugaritic at the University of Pennsylvania. He is the official epigrapher of the archaeological expedition to Wadi El-Hol in Egypt. He thus has the responsibility for deciphering and publishing the newly discovered Old Canaanite alphabetic inscriptions from Wadi El-Hol.

The alphabetic inscriptions from Wadi El-Hol are extremely important, providing some of the earliest evidence for the development of the Canaanite alphabet. They date to 1800 B.C., several hundred years older than the Serabit el-Khadim inscriptions, that were discovered about 100 years ago, have been dated. The fact that this evidence comes from Egypt rather than Canaan or Phoenicia presents a fascinating mystery. These inscriptions provide new information for our understanding of the origins of alphabetic writing in the Middle East and ultimately the origins of the Greek and later Latin alphabets.

Professor Frederick Dobbs-Allsopp is a colleague of Yale University professor John Darnell, who was featured in articles in THE NEW YORK TIMES and USA TODAY. Darnell's work seems to be forcing scholars to acknowledge that writing developed not in Sumerian Mesopotamia, as had been thought, but in Egypt instead.

On Wednesday February 20th we heard from Andrew G. Vaughn, Assistant Professor of Religion at Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, Minnesota. His topic was Hezekiah, Sennacherib, and Archaeology: Where the Spade and the Bible Meet.

Andrew Vaughn has excavated at numerous sites in Israel including Ashkelon, Megiddo, Ekron, and Beth Shemesh. He is currently publishing the Iron Age materials from Ramat Rahel with Gabriel Barkay. An expert on Judah in the eighth and seventh centuries, he is the author of Theology, History, and Archaeology in the Chronicler's Account of Hezekiah (Atlanta: SBL, 1999).

Vaughn is currently writing a history of ancient Israel textbook for Abingdon Press. His other research includes the decipherment of ancient Hebrew and Northwest Semitic inscriptions – most recently a new reading of the silver amulets from Ketef Hinnom.

Wednesday January 23rd, president Jeff Blakely presented a tribute to our founder, Professor Menahem Mansoor. His lecture was entitled, "Teaching the Biblical Landscape." "In this lecture I describe the various methods through which the biblical landscape has been taught. In the end... the most powerful method (is) educational tours of the Holy Land, a method that so many shared with Professor Mansoor."

Our MBAS History Page also has more information on Professor Mansoor's wide ranging legacy.

______

2001

The Society mourned the death of our founder, Professor Menahem Mansoor, in a meeting on December 4th. Lead by Past President Keith Schoville, we offered our memories of Professor Mansoor as teacher, tour leader and sage.

In our first meeting of the 2001-2002 season, Israeli archaeologist Gaby Mazor spoke to us on November 11th. His lecture was entitled "Nysa Scythopolis -- A Greek City of the Decapolis". He described the restoration work that is reconstructing the city center of this fascinating Hellenistic city. It's one of the largest and longest ongoing archaeological projects in Israel. The city is known today by its name in Old Testament times, Beitshean.

At the 2001 (45th) Annual Dinner Lecture was Wednesday May 2nd. Prof. Mark Chavalas from the University of Wisconsin-LaCrosse, spoke on "Babel and Bible: What Does Assyriology Say About the Bible?"

On Wednesday April 4th, Professor Sidnie White Crawford of the University of Nebraska was here to discuss her work on the Dead Sea Scrolls. The lecture was entitled "Not According to Rule: Women, the Dead Sea Scrolls and Qumran." Professor White is also president of the Albright Institute in Jerusalem.

On Wednesday February 21st, our president Jeff Blakely presented a lecture entitled "Judah and Assyria: Evidence for Late 8th Century Border Conflicts".

MBAS was on the road January 13th (see photo at left) for the exhibit on "Treasures from the Royal Tombs of Ur" at the Oriental Institute in Chicago.

2000

On Tuesday December 12th, MBAS hosted Professor Daniel Schowalter, of Carthage College in Kenosha, discussing his recent archaeological work at Omrit near Banias in northern Israel and its possible Imperial Temple.

On Tuesday evening, October 24th, Daniel Master, spoke to us about PHOENICIAN COMMERCE IN THE MEDITERRANEANat Edgewood College.

Daniel's lecture summary:
...In the summer of 1999, an expedition was assembled to go look for something no one had ever found before, a shipwreck of the ancient Phoenicians.
... The Phoenicians were famous mariners of the ancient world, traveling from Lebanon to the Straits of Gibraltar. Some ancient sources even claim that they were the first to circumnavigate Africa.
... But these were not just empty voyages of exploration; the Phoenicians established a trading empire across the Mediterranean, an empire which allowed for the movement of goods and ideas. The Phoenician goods included staples such as wine and olive oil as well as luxuries such as ivory and silver. Perhaps their most famous export was one which took no cargo space at all, for the Phoenicians spread knowledge of the alphabet to almost everyone they met.
... The maritime world of the Phoenicians has long been hidden beneath hundreds of meters of seawater. Historians and archaeologist have been unable to brave the great depths and view the ships that didn't finish their journey, the monuments of the Phoenicians.
... But recently, with the advent of nuclear submarines and advanced robotics, scientists have begun to open up the secrets of the deep. In a 1997 expedition the US Navy, searching off the ancient port of Ashkelon, thought they might have found a pile of storage jars, something old, something which might help us understand the ancient Phoenicians.
... So in 1999 Robert Ballard, discoverer of HMS Titanic, and Lawrence E. Stager, a Harvard archaeologist digging at the nearby port of Ashkelon, gathered a team of archaeologists, engineers, and scientists to probe the deep ocean.
...This expedition uncovered the largest pre-classical ships ever found, the oldest ships ever found in the deep water. Using "Jason," a robot from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, they found two Phoenician wrecks from the eighth century BCE, the time of the biblical prophets, the time when Homer was writing the Illiad.
... These two wrecks were surveyed using various electronic sensors mounted on "Jason," and objects were recovered for further study. These two ships are revealing monuments to the long lost Phoenicians and are continuing to provide the information that archaeologists and historians need to reconstruct the history of this critical time in our past.

The MBAS 2000-2001 season kicked off September 25th, with a lecture on the Dead Sea Scrolls by Michael Wise, Professor of Bible and History and scholar in residence at Northwestern College, St. Paul MN.
... Dr. Wise discussed the evidence for historical references in the scrolls and what that evidence indicates about the dating of the scrolls. He said the references indicate the scrolls were written in the early to middle part of the first century B.C.

The 44th Annual Lecture
...Professor Edward L. Greenstein of Tel Aviv University spoke May 3rd on "Divine Images in the Bible and the Ancient Near East."
...Professor Greenstein is professor of Bible at Tel Aviv University, formerly professor at the Jewish Theological Seminary. He is noted for his numerous studies that apply contemporary linguistic theory to biblical literature. He is currently writing commentaries on Job, Ruth and Lamentations.

On Tuesday, April 11th, Professor Lawrence J. Mykytiuk of Purdue University presented a lecture entitled: "Evaluating Potential Identifications of Biblical Persons in Northwest-Semitic Inscriptions." Dr. Mykytiuk is a graduate of the University of Wisconsin Hebrew Department and a former student of Dr. Keith Schoville.

The highlight of our year may well have been the MBAS field trip to the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago to see the Dead Sea Scrolls. We ventured out in our chartered bus on a snowy March 19th Sunday morning. (Lowell Ferris & Jeff Blakely, shown.)
...On display were over a dozen of the magnicent 2,000 year old scrolls as well as some of the artifacts from Qumran. In addition to the exhibit we attended a symposium entitled “The Site of Khirbet Qumran: Problems and Solutions.” The speakers were archaeologists Yitzhar Hirschfeld, James Strange, Jodi Magness, and James Phillips.

... Wednesday February 16th we heard a lecture by our former President Keith Schoville on “The Rosetta Stone in Historical Perspective.” We tend to forget the vast growth of knowledge regarding the past between 1799 and today.

...President Jeff Blakely was in Washington April 13-16 as the American Schools of Oriental Research met for a special Centennial celebration. Major symposia on archaeology and the Bible were featured, both retrospectives and more forward looking sessions.

1997-1999 Meetings

  • Wed. Sept. 24, 1997: Gordon Govier gave a presentation on Desert Wisdom and Jeff Blakely reviewed his year of living and working in Jerusalem as Annual Professor of the Albright Institute.
  • Tue. Oct. 14, 1997: Professor Emeritus Menahem Mansoor presented his video "The Development of the Alphabet."
  • Thur. Nov. 13, 1997: Professor William Schniedewind -- "Urbanization, Literacy, and the Josianic Reforms."
  • Wed. Dec. 3, 1997: Professor Dennis Pardee -- "Recent Discoveries at Ras Shamra-Ugarit"
  • Wed. Feb. 11, 1998: Professor Anson Rainey -- "The World of Sinuhe."
  • Tue. Mar. 31, 1998: Professor Mark Chavalas -- "Terqa, the Amorites, and Dagan along the Middle Euphrates Region of Syria in the Late Bronze Age."
  • Wed. Apr. 22, 1998: Professor Peter Flint -- "Judaism, Christianity & the Dead Sea Scrolls: The Different Bibles of Ancient Judaism & Christianity in the Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls."
  • Wed. May 7, 1998: Jeff Blakely -- "Southern Palestine at the End of the Late Bronze Age."
  • Tue. Oct. 6, 1998: Chuck Jones -- "Good versus Bad: Locating and Identifying Good Archaeological Information on the Internet."
  • Tue. Nov. 10, 1998: Professor Deidre Dempsey -- "Excavations at Tell Nimrin, Syria."
  • Wed. Dec. 2, 1998: Professor Scott Carroll -- "The Development of Books and the Writing of the Gospels in the Context of Early Christianity."
  • Tue. Feb. 9, 1999: Professor Susan Sheridan -- "Rise Up 'O Men of God': Biocultural Reconstruction of a Byzantine Monastic Community in Jerusalem."
  • Tue. Mar. 16, 1999: Professor James Hoffmeier -- "Recent Explorations in Northern Syria: Implications for the Hebrew Exodus."
  • Mon. Apr. 19, 1999: Dr. Moti (Mordechai) Aviam -- "The Galilee During the First Century: An Archaeological Perspective."
  • Wed. May 5, 1999: Professor Ziony Zevit -- "Archaeology and the Israelite Settlement of Canaan."

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